Typhoid, also known as typhoid fever or enteric fever, is an infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typi. Typhoid is very dangerous diseases and it can transmit from human to human. The bacteria Salmonella typhimurium causes typhoid. If untreated, typhoid kills around 25% of infected individuals. The vast majority of typhoid cases in America are contracted overseas. The only current treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. Typhoid is an infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhimurium. This bacterium lives within the intestine and bloodstream of humans. It is spread between individuals by direct contact with the feces of an infected person.
Causes of typhoid
Typhoid is usually transmitted by water or food, in much the same way as cholera. Symptoms normally begin 6-30 days after exposure to the bacteria. The two predominant symptoms of typhoid are fever and rash. Typhoid fever is particularly high, up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit, and it gradually increases over several days. The rash, which does not affect every patient, consists of rose-colored spots, particularly on the neck and abdomen. In serious, untreated cases, the bowel can become perforated. If unchecked, this can lead to peritonitis (infection of the tissue that lines the inside of the abdomen), which can be very serious indeed.
Symptoms of typhoid
- Other common symptoms include:
- loss of appetite
- stomach pains
- sore throat
Rarer symptoms include:
- bleeding from the rectum
- temporary pink spots on the chest and abdomen
Prevention of typhoid
- Drink bottled water (preferably carbonated)
- If bottled water cannot be sourced, ensure the water you drink is heated on a rolling boil for at least one minute
- Be wary of eating anything that has been handled by someone else
- Avoid eating at street food stands, and only eat food that is still piping hot
- Do not have ice in drinks
- Avoid raw fruit and vegetables and peel fruit yourself (do not eat the peel).