Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, are a form of acne caused by skin pores clogged with trapped dirt, sebum and dead skin. They mostly appear on the nose, cheeks, temples and forehead.
They are similar to blackheads but appear as small white or yellow bumps as they form under the surface of closed pores. Blackheads are dark in color due to being exposed to oxygen.
Here are the some home remedies for whiteheads.
1. Facial Steam
A facial steam or sauna is one of the best natural treatments for whiteheads. It helps open up the pores and loosens the buildup of dirt, oil and dead skin cells.
Boil some water in a pan to create steam. Turn off the heat and place your face over the pan while holding a towel over head to trap the steam around your face. Allow the steam to soak into your face for five to eight minutes. Finally, pat dry your skin with a clean towel.
Alternatively, you can dip a soft, clean towel in warm water, wring out the excess water and place it on your face. Leave it on for a few minutes and then remove it. Repeat the process two or three times in a sitting.
Use either of these remedies once or twice a week on a regular basis, especially if you have oily skin. You can also follow this with one of the facial scrubs or exfoliating remedies for even better results.
2. Baking Soda
Baking soda is good for gentle exfoliation of oil, dirt and dead skin cells from the skin. It also helps maintain the pH balance of the skin.
Mix a little water in one teaspoon of baking soda to make a thick paste.
Apply it on the affected area and wash it off after a few minutes.
Repeat two or three times a week until you are satisfied with the results.
Note: Avoid using baking soda if you have sensitive skin.
Being slightly abrasive in nature, oatmeal also works as a natural exfoliant to get rid of accumulated dead skin and dirt. In addition, it absorbs excess oil and opens the pores.Mix two tablespoons of yogurt, one tablespoon each of lemon juice and honey, and four tablespoons of powdered oatmeal. You can also add one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar. Dampen your skin and then apply this paste on your face. Leave it on for 20 minutes before rinsing it off.
Alternatively, apply a simple paste of powdered oatmeal mixed with water. Leave it on for 10 minutes and then scrub it off to exfoliate your skin, minimize pores and reduce blackheads.
Follow either of these remedies once or twice a week on a regular basis.
4. Sugar Scrub
A homemade sugar scrub can work wonders for your skin. It will help exfoliate your skin to remove excess oil and debris trapped in the pores without causing dryness.Mix together one tablespoon each of sugar and honey. You can also add a few drops of lemon juice.
Apply it on your face and gently massage in circular motions.
Leave it on for a few minutes.
Wipe it off using a wet washcloth and then wash your face.
Do this once or twice a week on a regular basis.
5. Lemon Juice
Being rich in alpha hydroxy acids, lemon juice helps exfoliate the skin and also facilitates cell regeneration. It also helps get rid of excess oil due to its astringent properties.
Dip a cotton ball in lemon juice and apply the juice on your face.
Leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes and then wash your face with cold water.
Do this daily before going to bed. Continue for at least a few months.
6.Gram Flour (Besan)
Gram flour is an excellent ingredient for deep cleansing and exfoliating your skin to remove dead skin and absorb excess oil. It will also help get rid of unwanted facial hair.
Mix two tablespoons of gram flour in sufficient yogurt to make a thick paste.
Optionally, stir in one-quarter to one-half teaspoon of turmeric powder.
Spread it on your face and leave it on until it dries completely.
Scrub it off and then wash your face.
Repeat two or three times a week on a regular basis.