Nepal is famous for various festivals. Festivals are an expressive way to celebrate glorious heritage, culture and traditions. It is path of expressing happiness with each other. Every people have their own festivals and own way to celebrate.
There are some Major Nepalese Festivals. They are:-
Dashain is the main festivals of Nepali people in which people share happiness by putting the tika form elders and get blessing from their hand. Tika, Blessing, plying with cards and wearing the new clothes is the main way to celebrate dashain. In Dashin , we worship for Durga Puja. It is also known as “Bijya Dashain” or “Bada Dashain”.
Tihar is known as the festival of light. In this festival,We all pray to Laxmi puja.This festivals is known as “Bhai Tika” Each brother expected to offer his sister a gift and the sister prays for the brother’s protection and long life. This is the one of the most popular festivals in which people feel enjoying by playing with cards, Bhailo, Deusore etc.
Teej is a celebration of fasting in which women pray for marital bliss, well being of their spouse and children and purification of their own body and soul. It takes place on August and September. In the present context, the festival has connotation with rights of women.
This is a festival of the Terai and Mithila region of Nepal celebrated bby the Nepalese people of Tharus, Madhesi etc. It is a Hindu festival dedicated to the Hindu Sun God, Surya and Chhathi Maiya (ancient Vedic Goddess Usha). The Chhath Puja is performed in order to thank Surya for sustaining life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes.
Loshar is another main festival of Tamang, Gurung, Sherpa people. Many people have their different way to celebrate this festival. This festival is like dashain because in this festivals all people gathered together, eating varieties of food, sharing feeling with each other, dancing with music, there is even an opera like performance at Bouddha. The monks in the monasteries perform rituals for the good of all mankind and hold ceremonies torid the earth of evil spritis.
Shivaratri is letrelly means “Night of loard Shiva nd is celebrated around the temples of Shiva in late February or early March. The most important location is the Pashupatinath temple, which receives hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims during this festival every year. We pray of lord shiva and on the day of Shivaratri there are massive crowds who come to pay homage and even the Royal family arrives to pay their respects.
Buddha Jayanti “Lord Buddha’s Birthday”
This is one of the important Buddhist festivals when devotees gather around stupas like Swayambhunath and Boudhanath. Buddha jyanti is the famous for Buddhist people. The birth place of Buddha is in Lumbini. During the full moon night of Buddha Jayanti, Swayambhunath is lighted up with butter lamps as well as electric lights.
Ghode Jatra, the Horse Racing Day falls on Darhsa Shrad Aunsi of the month Chaitra (March/April). A grand horse parade takes place at Tundikhel, the central point of the city reputed to have been in the former days the largest parade ground in Asia. Ghode Jatra, the Horse Racing Day falls on the month of mid March or early April. Ghode Jatra at Tundikhel keeps the demon’s sprit at bay as it still threatens to ruin the city.
The Gai Jatra festival (Gai=cow), which takes place in August is said to be the creation of a king named Pratap Malla who had lost a son. Gai Jatra is one of the most popular festivals generally celebrated in between August-September. This festival has its roots in the belief that the god of death, Yamaraj, must be feared and hence worshiped.
Indrajatra falls in August and September. Both Hindus and Buddhists unite to celebrate the festival with great enthusiasm. Indrajatra has historic significance in Nepal as well.