Mahashivaratri Festival or the ‘The Night of Shiva’ is celebrated with devotion and religious fervor in honor of Lord Shiva, one of the deities of Hindu Trinity. Shivaratri falls on the moonless 14th night of the new moon in the Hindu month of Phalgun, which corresponds to the month of February – March in English Calendar. Celebrating the festival of Shivaratri devotees observe day and night fast and perform ritual worship of Shiva Lingam to appease Lord Shiva.
Mahashivaratri is thus not only a ritual but also a cosmic definition of the Hindu universe. It dispels ignorance, emanates the light of knowledge, makes one aware of the universe, ushers in the spring after the cold and dry winter, and invokes the supreme power to take cognizance of the beings that were created by him.
Who is Lord Shiva
Shiva means auspicious one. He is one among Trimurti Gods: Brahma, Bishnu and Maheswor. Shiva is Maheshwor. Lord Shiva is regarded as creator, preserver, destroyer, concealer,
He lives in Himalaya at the Northern side of Nepal at mount Kailash and lives as a saint (sadhu) with snake around his neck, wear deer skin and sits on tiger’s skin. Damaru is his musical instrument and Trisul is his weapon.
Shiva wears rudraksha on his neck and his hair is home of the holly Ganga. Nandi (ox) is his vehicle. He is a great mediator and he notices everything that happens in the world. He is very kind to his devotees. Just chanting of “Om Namaha Sibhaya” relives anyone from sufferings.
Shiva’s first wife was Satidevi and he married Parvati as his second wife. Ganesh and Kumar are his sons.
Legends of Mahashivratri
There are various interesting legends related to the festival of Maha Shivaratri. According to one of the most popular legends, Shivaratri marks the wedding day of Lord Shiva and Parvati. Some believe that it was on the auspicious night of Shivaratri that Lord Shiva performed the ‘Tandava’, the dance of the primal creation, preservation and destruction. Another popular Shivratri legend stated in Linga Purana states that it was on Shivaratri that Lord Shiva manifested himself in the form of a Linga. Hence the day is considered to be extremely auspicious by Shiva devotees and they celebrate it as Mahashivaratri – the grand night of Shiva.
Traditions and Customs of Shivaratri
Devotees observe strict fast in honor of Shiva, though many go on a diet of fruits and milk some do not consume even a drop of water. Devotees strongly believe that sincere worship of Lord Shiva on the auspicious day of Shivaratri, absolves a person of sins and liberates him from the cycle of birth and death. Shivaratri is considered especially auspicious for women. While married women pray for the well being of their husbands unmarried women pray for a husband like Lord Shiva, who is regarded as the ideal husband.
To mark the Shivratri festival, devotees wake up early and take a ritual bath, preferably in river Ganga. After wearing fresh new clothes devotees visit the nearest Shiva temple to give ritual bath to the Shiva Lingum with milk, honey, water etc.
On Shivaratri, worship of Lord Shiva continues all through the day and night. Every three hours priests perform ritual pooja of Shivalingam by bathing it with milk, yoghurt, honey, ghee, sugar and water amidst the chanting of â€œOm Namah Shivaya’ and ringing of temple bells. Nightlong vigil or jaagran is also observed in Shiva temples where large number of devotees spend the night singing hymns and devotional songs in praise of Lord Shiva. It is only on the following morning that devotee break their fast by partaking prasad offered to the deity.
There is always a big fair and market set around Pashupati temple area in Shiva Ratri. Large number of people are seen visiting the temple. People are seen buying things. Announcements, music, dances, sadhus, markets, and large number of tourist make Shivaratri more fun. Women and kids are seen putting mehendi on their hands Mehandi (Heena) by the local artists sitting on the pavements. Snake dance, circus and other fun activities can also be seen in the surrounding areas of Pashupati temple.
There are many stories behind the celebration of Shivaratri.
During Samundra Manthan, the poison Halahal came out of the ocean. It started creating destruction all over. To protect the universe from the devastation Lord Shiva drank the poison and managed to keep it in his throat. His throat turned blue. Since then he is known as Nilkantha. Nila Kantha in Sanskrit is one with blue throat.
Shiva protected the world from the dangerous poison; therefore, people started celebrating the day as Shivaratri and thanking Shiva for shaving the world.
It is believed Lord Shiva married Goddess Parvati on this day. Some places, Shivaratri is observed as marriage anniversary of Shiva-Parvati too.
How is Maha Shivaratri celebrated
Shiva devotees observe whole day and night fasting. Shiva Linga pooja is done in the night by chanting mantras, offering Beal leaf and pouring water on the linga. Fireplace is set in avenues and in temples at night to make Lord Shiva warm.
Pashupatinath is the biggest temple of lord shiva In Nepal. In Shivaratri Pashupatinatha temple has a big possession. Hindu devotees from all over Nepal and India visit Pashupatinath. Large number of Shadus come to Pashupatinath. Different types of Shadus can be seen around Pashapupati and its surroundings.
The shadus are covered with bhibhuti (Ashes). The Shadhus are said to have mastered the pain of heat, cold and sufferings and have devoted their life to Lord Shiva. They stand naked blessing the devotees. They smoke weeds as a divine gift of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is the one who enjoys taking bhis(Poison), bhang, Dhatooro (jimson Weeds).
According to the Shiva Puran, six items are regarded precious to worship and offer Lord Shiva in Maha Shivaratri.
The six Items are Beal fruit, Vermilion Paste (Chandan), Food Items (Prasad), Incense, Lamp (Diyo), Betel Leaves.
1) Beal Leaf (Marmelos leaf) – offering of Beal Leaf represents purification of the soul.
2) Vermilion paste (Chandan) – Applying chandan on Shiva Linga after washing the Linga represents good feature. Chandan is inseparable part of Worshipping Lord Shiva.
3) Food items – Food items such as rice and fruits are offered to the Lord to ensure a long life and fulfillment of desires.
4) Incense (Dhoop batti) – Incense sticks are lit before Lord Shiva to be blessed with wealth and prosperity.
5) Lamp (Diyo) – The lighting of Cotton handmade batti , lamp or diyo is believed to be helpful to gain knowledge.
6) Betel leaves (Paan ko patta) – Beatle leaves or Pan ko pat represents satisfaction with maturity.
Shiva Puran states, the beat of Damaru revealed the first seven letters of music. Those notes are source of language too. Shiva is inventor of notes of music Sa, Re, Ga, Ma Pa, Dha, Ni. He is worshiped as inventor of language on his birthday too.
The Shiva linga is washed with Pancha kavya (mixture of five products of cow) and Panchamatrit (mixture of five sweet things). Pancha kavya includes cow dung, cow urine, milk, Curd and Ghee. Panchamrit includes Cow milk, Yogurt, Honey, Sugar and Ghee.
In front of the Shiva Linga Kalash (Medium size vessel with small neck) filled with mixed water and milk is set. The neck of the Kalash is tied with white and red piece of cloth. Flower, mango leaves, peeple leaves, beal leaves are kept inside the kalash. Mantras are chanted to worship Lord Shiva.
(Information are gathered from various sources.)
About The Movie
Takkar Dui Mutuko is a 2005 nepali romantic musical film directed by Rishi Neupane and produced by Roj Rana. It features the talented actors like Roj Rana, Arjun Karki, Saujanya Subba,Ramchandra Adhikari,Pradip Niraula and so on. in the lead roles.
Takkar dui mutuko is like a well-choreographed tango where every character plays a role on more than one level. Takkar Dui Mutuko would certainly prove an excellent entertainer.It is a great product overall. This film is more focused on the personal issues between the heroes trying to win over their common love interest – Saujanya Subba, who plays a budding actress in the movie.
It is a beautiful presentation of Sophiya Cine Arts.The director has take full advantage of it using the talent that they have displayed with their good products in the past. The direction of the thriller is almost perfect, with glitches more easily overlooked.It’s a different film with great music that takes into consideration the right recipe for success.
It is the most watched Nepali movie and it is much appreciated by audiences as well as by critic in Nepali film fraternity.It is a romantic drama movie The songs of these movies are super hit chat busters and much loved by youth especially.
All the sequences that occur after this are exciting and interesting.
It is a triangular love story. The story revolves around two best friends who falls in love with same lady. Roj Rana has played the character of a Raj who belongs to the middle class family and who has deceived in love.Roj Rana shows a great deal of understanding of his character and does a great job as well.
Saujanya has played character of beautiful women named Sunena who becomes the victim of mischievous act of Raj. She carries off her role very well as a character-defined heroine.
Arjun Karki has played a decent character named Prince who is passionately in love with with Sunena and loves her truely. He is definitely the surprise element of the film. As a man with an attitude, he has given a splendid performance.There are several twists and turn in the story and has several emotional ups and downs.
Though the story was old,yet the way of presentation was new. That’s why it attracted viewers a lot. The story of the movie is simple.It is an good film with dialogues and performances as its big plus points and is a well made film that has some powerful emotional sequences as its ace.
Love stories are the flavour of the season and here’s another one to make you go ah!
On the whole,Takkar Dui Mutuko has a fresh cast, a riveting script, the grandiose look and several thrilling moments to take you on a joyride for the next three hours. The film has all it takes to appeal to an avid cine goer who’s thirsting for wholesome entertainment.It has certainly given in his share of decent performances.
Nepal is a beautiful country rightfully called a paradise on earth. . Nepal is truly a god’s playground with stunning landscapes, majestic mountains and mesmerizing lakes.Nepal lies sandwiched between the two domineering land masses and national powers that are India and China, yet it still manages to retain a culture that is distinctly its own.
Here we are listing the most fun and interesting facts about Nepal.
Second largest population of One-horned Rhino is found in Nepal.
Nepal was never under any foreign invasion.
Nepal has the densest concentration of World Heritage Sites. Kathmandu valley alone has 7 World Heritage Cultural sites within a radius of 15 kilometers.
Nepal is the only country with a non-rectangular flag. Nepal’s flag is maroon with two triangular shapes stacked on one another with blue border.
Cows are sacred in Nepal.
Nepal has the only living goddess in the world called Kumari. Kumari literally means virgin in Nepali.
Nepal has over 80 ethnic groups and 123 Languages (Mother Tongue) .
Map of Nepal and Portugal is similar.
Nepali Calendar is 67 years ahead of Gregorian Calendar.
Nepal is called Amazon of Asia.Kathmandu, capital of Nepal, is the living cultural museum of the world.
Nepal has one of the best habitats for Snow Leopard.
The highest mountain in the world, The Mount Everest is in Nepal. Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepali which translates to “Forehead of the Sky.”Nepal has 8 out of the world’s 14 highest mountains including the Mount Everest.
Nepal has 8 % of the total species of birds found in the world.
Nepal comprises 6% of the world’s rhododendron species.
Nobody besides themselves would know what goes on in their minds a few minutes before taking their own life, by their own hands. Many people ranging from the smallest to the oldest of people for many reasons unknown or known, have done it.
Countries With the Highest Suicide Rates
Here is a list of 10 countries with the highest suicide rates which includes male, female, suicide of mysterious reasons and suicide for reasons that can be reckoned with.
Suicide in Kazakhstan is one of the biggest newsflash unfortunate events that occur. Kazakhstan holds tenth position among the countries with the highest suicide rates in the world. It is reported that around 86 teenager under the age of 18 has committed suicide over a period of 5 months in Kazakhstan . Well most of these cases could be traced back to common issues such as failure in examinations and not being strong enough to face the embarrassment of the people. Failure in general however, isn’t the end of the world, somebody would only fail if they stop trying. Other related incidences that lead to suicide would include: Extreme loneliness,conflict at home and school etc.
According to reports from Nepali Police,around 965 people kill them self due to poverty,tradegy and other reasons.Turning it into on of those countries with the highest suicide rates. Police data of Nepal also reported that more than 4000 people commit suicide each year and majority fall under the categories of Natural disaster related fears or grievances while the rest may fall under reasons of poverty as well.
Within a period of 5 years, Tanzania has the highest suicide rates and has seen the death of 3420 incidences of suicide consisting of majority in men and women and minority occupied in the numbers of minors below the age of 18 years old. Some notable reasons behind these suicides traces back to young girls and social problems they face on a daily basis of course inflicting stress of levels that they cannot take anymore and due to incurable diseases that one would choose not to live with such as HIV/AIDS etc.
With Mozambique also being one of the poorest and under-developed in Africa which means that they are bound to encounter a series of issues and life lowering things that contribute to their eventual resorting of suicide. The country has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. It is number one suicide Nation in Africa.Suicide in Mozambique isn’t an uncommon thing that could happen.
It has also been noted that the rate of suicide in Lithuania is twice as high in rural areas. The common reason for most suicides is due to peoples circumstances example : alcoholism, alcohol abuse, drug consumption of dosages that the body is unable to handle, therefore affecting their overall mindset and with an overload of their situations and circumstances that somebody would think off at any particular moment, may be enough to drive somebody to an early death.
Sri Lanka experiences one of the highest suicide rates in the world and not for the cliché reasons as mentioned above. 4000 people a year kill themselves. Besides financial issues, there are also several factors that can contribute to one’s death or suicide in Sri Lanka and that once again brings us back to the Indian traditions, gang pressure, not being educated enough to get a skilled job which again cycles back to financial issues and problems being one of the prominent and most common reasons for why Sri Lankans would take their lives.
South Koreans seem to be more of the intelligent, high profiled, educated and successful people as a difference who are prone to killing themselves or simply retreating to other parts from their home town, thinking they would be escaping their troubles without realizing their problems are to haunt them where ever they are in the world. This can be considered as the ‘not-so intelligent’ part of South Koreans. Death and suicide is a very serious thing and shouldn’t be taken lightly, nor is it something that you can laugh about, however comically the people of South Korea who end up taking their lives are businessmen who are unhappy about their businesses and how it is doing which is a very silly reason for somebody to end life for, forgetting what it took to reach that point of success in the first place.
According to sources around 25000 people take their life.Depression and economic crisis is generally more than enough for the average Japanese man or women to take their lives.An economic crisis situation would be the worst thing a Japanese businessmen could suffer as most of the world relies on Asian manufactured products and their production etc., it is almost as though Japan is highly reliant on the business of other countries in order for them to run sustain ably.
Guyana is number one on the list of countries with the highest suicide rates simply because it’s become world knowledge that the people of this Country die like flies. Guyana holds the highest suicide rates in the world for many of the common reasons mentioned and more especially for some bizarre reasons as well. Guyana people are faced with depression, rape, poverty, chronic or incurable diseases or illnesses, lack of skilled education,unemployment, civil war every now and then, family and social related issues, unhappiness with one self and more especially mental illnesses being a common thing among st locals , the most shocking reason which tops everything discussed thus far at why the rate of suicide is so high in above countries is that the suicide rate of Guyana has sky rocketed due to acts of witchcraft.
Information are collected from different sources.
BIHANA UTHNE BITTIKAI – RAM KRISHNA DHAKAL
yi haath le sadhai sadhai (NEPAL lekhna paiyos)2
nepali samara sip ko prabhat diganta failiyos/2
malai teko khudkilo yo desh mathi ukliyos
nepal ko ma santati (sarwogya bhanna paiyos)2
malai chaina chahana marera swarga ma pugau/2
chha kamana yahi mero baru ma narkai mai paru
jaha puge pani tara nepali bhetna paiyos
nepali bhanna paiyos
yo surya chandralp dhoja merai ragat le rangiyos/2
yahiko jal aanjuli bhar nilera marna paiyos
swadesko nimti (yo sir chadauna paiyos)2
bihana uthne bitikai himal dekhna paiyos
yi haath le sadhai sadhai (NEPAL lekhna paiyos)2
Nepal is the land of color where people from different culture and tradition live in peace and harmony. It has a beautiful landscape with amazing natural wonders. Its natural beauties and cultural diversities can surely take our breath away.
So let’s go through some of the places which make Nepal The most Beautiful place in the world.
- Kathmandu Valley
- Annapurna Base Camp
- Manang and Mustung
- Khaptad National Park
- Tilicho lake
- Langtang National Park
- Everst Base Camp
- Rara Lake
- Gosaikunda Lake
- Poon Hill
- Chitwan National Park
So if you are visiting Nepal, don’t forget to explore these amazing places.